Bóthar works through local community groups these groups vary immensely in size and form. These groups vary from being church groups to a group of neighbours who have come together to support each other and seek solutions to common problems that they all face.
Villages and communities that wish to take part in the Bóthar project are asked to form a committee specifically for dealing with the Bóthar project. That committee must then decide which are the neediest families in their community and who should receive animals first. In this way the community has ownership of the project from the beginning.